The successful applicants will be expected, in addition to their research projects, to assist with the maintenance and on-going development of the centre and the running of field courses. This placement therefore represents an outstanding opportunity for students wishing to gain experience in tropical forest research and in field centre infrastructure development. They learn about the local biodiversity and way of life and witness the progression of active conservation work throughout the year. PTYs are also in charge of producing DGFC’s newsletter: “The Jungle Times”. A PTY placement normally runs from June, July or August for a full year.
To apply for a PTY with DGFC send a CV (including any evidence of relevant experience in the field) and a cover letter of motives specifying their interest for a PTY position to Dr Benoît Goossens. The final selection of candidates follows an interview with the director and DGFC’s senior staff. Closing dates for CVs and interviews run annually between October and November; dates for the 2018-2019 period are not open yet. For any additional information, please contact Dr Benoît Goossens by email.
We encourage all selected PTYs to apply for a Karen Folk PTY Studentship worth $1000.00 (USD), one student will be selected. To apply, send a 1-2 page long essay explaining how this studentship and PTY program will have an impact on his/her career development to DGFC’s director.
To see examples of the projects that can be pursued at DGFC, check out our current and previous PTYs.
|Francis Roy||Population density of Malay civets (Viverra tangalunga) within lots 5 and 6 of the Lower Kinabatangan Wildlife Sanctuary in Sabah, Malaysia|
|Toby Stock||Comparing the rate of growth of Asian water monitor lizards (Varanus salvator) in forest and agricultural habitats, within the Lower Kinabatangan Wildlife Sanctuary and surrounding areas.|
|Jack Devlin||Quantifying the arthropod diversity and family richness found in degraded secondary forest of the Lower Kinabatangan Wildlife Sanctuary, Sabah|
|Angus Chaplin-Rogers||Assessing the impacts of fragmentation on sauria parasite populations and the effects this has on the lizards themselves.|
|Abigail Fletcher||Difference in diversity and intensity of gastrointestinal parasites between the Bornean slow loris (Nycticebus menangensis) and the Western tarsier (Tarsius bancanus)|
|Charlotte Cooper||Diversity and abundance of non-venomous Squamata and evaluating the effectiveness of Squamata survey methods within Lot 6 of Lower Kinabatangan Wildlife Sanctuary|
|Joe Hampson||Activity patterns of the common Brunei arboreal tarantula (Phormingochilus everetti) in the lower Kinabatangan Wildlife Sanctuary|
|Katherine Hedger||Infant-mother and infant-adult social interactions and development of home range during maturation in the Bornean slow loris (Nycticebus menangenis)|
|Adam Jameson||Interruption of study|
|Glesni Phillips||Effective management strategies of the Bornean banteng in Sabah, Malaysian Borneo.|
|Aimee Holborow||The effect of habitat fragmentation on the gastrointestinal parasites within the water monitor (Varanus salvator) in Sabah, Borneo.|
|Katie Journeaux||Herd demography, sexual segregation and the effects of forest management on Bornean banteng Bos javanicus lowi in Sabah, Malaysian Borneo|
|Kirsty Franklin||Determinants of home range: a study of individual dispersal, maternal care and sleeping site selection in the Philippine slow loris, Nycticebus menagensis.|
|Molly Ellis||Illegal activity in commercial and protected forest reserves in Sabah and its effect on the behaviour of the Bornean banteng.|
|Roxanne Everitt||Activity budget, home range, spatial movements and habitat preferences of male Philippine slow lorises (Nycticebus menagensis).|
|Stephen Edwards||Assessing activity patterns of sympatric mammalian carnivores and their role in niche partitioning within the Lower Kinabatangan Wildlife Sanctuary.|
|Anya Tober||Impact of habitat fragmentation on the parasite fauna of the water monitor lizard (Varanus salvator) in Borneo|
|Hannah Wilson||Factors effecting the movement patterns of the East Borneo slow loris, Nycticebus menagensis.|
|Kieran Love||Assessing bearded pig (Sus barbatus barbatus) habitat usage in a fragmented landscape using line transects and camera traps.|
|Naomi Prosser||A body condition scoring system for the Bornean banteng (Bos javanicus lowi) and the effect of forest management and the wet and dry season on these scores in Sabah, Malaysia|
|Sarah Joscelyne||A comparative study of Malay civet (Viverra tangalunga) diet between forest and plantation in the Lower Kinabatangan Wildlife Sanctuary, determining if civet diet is affected by fruit availability and if they are viable dispersers of seeds.|
|Stephanie Ridge||Foraging behaviour and forage choices of the Bornean banteng (Bos javanicus lowi) in Sabah, Malaysia|
|Grace Hannah||Dibden Comparing the relative abundance of sun bear signs in different habitats within the Lower Kinabatangan Wildlife Sanctuary|
|Helen Cadwallader||An assessment of hornbill population stability in the Lower Kinabatangan Wildlife Sanctuary|
|Isaac Fields||A comprehensive classification of the freshwater fish of the Kinabatangan river, with specific focus on the diversity between oxbow lakes, tributaries and river habitats|
|Michael Reynolds||An investigation into parasite diversity, prevalence and intensity within two freshwater fish species; Ompok bimaculatus and Cyclocheilichthys repasson, within the Kinabatangan River, Sabah, Malaysia.|
|Alice Miles||DThe effects of seasonal influences on the home range and behavioral ecology of the Bornean tarsier|
|Josephine D’urban Jackson||Optimising anuran monitoring investigations in a tropical seasonal environment|
|Rebecca Lawrence||The influence of habitat and landscape features on carnivores of the Lower Kinabatangan floodplain, and the improvement of corridor design for carnivore species|
|Rob Colgan||Using camera traps to estimate the occupancy and habitat associations of the Malay civet in a degraded and fragmented landscape|
|Rodi Tenquist-Clarke||The conservation value of corridors for mammalian carnivores in the Lower Kinabatangan Floodplain|
|Alice Evans||Habitat and microhabitat use of anurans in a Kinabatangan forest fragment|
|Jenny Shepperson||Small mammal habitat preferences in secondary logged forest, Borneo|
|Rachel Henson||Seasonal variations in the dietary composition and diversity of the Bornean orangutan|
|Chloe Parker||Activity budget and the effect of seasonality in the Kinabatangan orangutan population|
Examples of research projects by PTYs
Anya Tober, Cardiff PTY, 2013-2014
Habitat fragmentation and loss is a major threat to tropical rainforests, especially those in Southeast Asia. Agricultural development has left the Bornean state of Sabah with highly fragmented secondary forest interspersed with oil palm plantations. Such alteration in habitat can have a great impact on host-parasite dynamics. The water monitor lizard, Varanus salvator, is the most common species of monitor lizard in Malaysia and is known to inhabit a number of habitat types including forest and oil palm plantations. This study aimed to assess the impact of habitat alteration and fragmentation on the host parasite interactions of V. salvator in the Lower Kinabatangan Wildlife Sanctuary. The prevalence and intensity of ectoparasites and haemoparasites was compared in lizards caught in the secondary forest and oil palm plantations. Lizards were trapped along transects consisting of 5 traps at 300m intervals. A total of 12 transects were sampled, 6 in forest sites and 6 in plantation sites which were then split into interior and edge sites. Tick mean intensity was significantly higher in the interior sites than edge sites. Attempts to assess the abundance of ticks in the environment by drag sampling were unsuccessful. Haemogregarine mean intensity was significantly higher in lizards captured in the forest than in the plantation and was significantly higher in edge sites than interior sites. There was a significant negative correlation between haemogregarine infection and the total cell count and a significant positive correlation between haemogregarine infection and the proportion of immature erythrocytes. This study showed that the habitat alteration and fragmentation caused by the development of oil palm plantations and the subsequent edge effects alter host-parasite interactions of V. salvator. The findings of this study provide the foundations for further epidemiological research involving the alteration of habitats and the dynamics of zoonotic diseases.
Aimee Holborow, Cardiff PTY, 2014-2015
The Asian water monitor (Varanus salvator) is a prevalent species within the rainforest of Sabah, Borneo, and of the Varanid species, it is believed to be the most widely dispersed. V. salvator face multiple threats, a significant factor of which being fragmentation. Alteration of habitat and thus organism ecology through fragmentation may in turn implicate host-parasite dynamics. This study focuses on gastrointestinal parasites of V. salvator lizards and potential effects on parasite burden imposed by habitat fragmentation in the divided forest landscape of the Kinabatangan Wildlife Sanctuary, Borneo. Seven transects, each 1.2 km in length, and comprised of five traps each separated by 300m, were utilised in this study. Trapping was carried out of 15 days at each site, with the main intention being to establish any differences in intensity and richness of V. salvator gastrointestinal parasites between forest and plantation. To measure individual lizard parasite burden, faecal samples were analysed using flotation with over-saturated saline solution (NaCl), followed by a modified McMaster egg counting technique, 32 different parasite eggs were obtained, consisting of 19 helminths (nematodes, cestodes and trematodes), 6 Protozoan, and 7 unidentified species. No significant difference was observed for overall parasite prevalence, mean intensity and species richness between forest and plantation. However, trematode and protozoa parasite groups did show significant prevalence variances between forest and plantation, with protozoa infections appearing non-existent in forest. Additionally, no significant effect of trapping near riparian zones was found. When comparing abundance to both lizard’s snout to vent length (SVL) and body condition, no significant relationships were observed. This study indicates no overall effect of habitat fragmentation on V. salvator gastrointestinal parasite burden. Parasite group differences however, potentially suggest the occurrence of more species-specific fragmentation effect.
Stephen Edwards, Cardiff PTY, 2014-2015
Temporal partitioning of activity among sympatric mammalian carnivores can play a vital role in facilitating species coexistence. High overlap of two species’ activity patterns may indicate difference in other resource use, while low overlap may indicate temporal avoidance to reduce interspecific competition. Camera trapping was used to assess species assemblage, activity patterns and temporal overlap for the carnivores of the Lower Kinabatangan Wildlife Sanctuary (LKWS), Sabah, Malaysia. Between November-2010 and May-2015, intensive camera trapping was conducted in the Kinabatangan floodplain. The study covered 24,506 trap nights producing 2,327 independent events for 13 of the 25 Bornean carnivores. Kernel density modelled activity patterns were created for 10 of these 13 encountered species which included the first in-depth activity pattern produced for the Malay badger (Mydaus javanensis). Activity patterns of carnivores in the LKWS were generally in line with previously reported values. Overlap analysis was also conducted between each of these 10 species and overlap varied greatly within the species analysed. Temporal overlap within the Viverridae and within the Felidae analysed was high, indicating niche partitioning occurs within a different ecological dimension such as spatial or dietary. Certain overlaps, however, such as that between the yellow-throated marten (Martes flavigula) and the leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis) showed low overlap which may indicate temporal avoidance to reduce interspecific competition. Of the 13 carnivores present, six are Threatened on the IUCN Red List, indicating the importance of the LKWS as a conservation area. The high species diversity and prolonged presence of charismatic flagship species such as the Sunda clouded leopard (Neofelis diardi) and sun bear (Helarctos malayanus) also adds weight to the biological importance of the LKWS. The results of this study will allow a better understanding of the species diversity persisting within fragmented landscapes and act as valuable baseline data for future conservation actions.
Sarah Joscelyne, Cardiff PTY, 2013-2014
The factors mediating species’ dietary preferences have received much attention in ecological literature, due, in part, to their potential importance in influencing the structure and functioning of ecological communities. In this study, we characterised the diet composition of a little studied small carnivore, the Malay civet (Viverra tangalunga) which resides within a forest/ agricultural matrix in Sabah, Borneo. We investigated the factors influencing Malay civet diet choice and explored the potential role of the species as seed dispersers in this landscape. We found Malay civets fed upon a range of dietary items, with fruit being most prevalent. Plantation and forest diets were significantly different, and variability was found even more so between seasons. Diet shifting over time was a common phenomenon within forested habitats, but not in plantations. Optimal foraging likely drives civet diet choice and, as a result, fruit availability directly affected the presence of seeds in scats. In relation to the high consumption of fruits, Malay civets defecated viable seeds and so contribute to the floral ecosystem. These findings confirm that Malay civet diet varies spatially and temporally and are therefore able to adapt to ever changing environments with habitat conversion and degradation, and seasonal variations.